Finnish timber - high quality responsibly

Finnish timber is an excellent construction material

Globally Finland is known espe­cially for its clean forests and nature. It’s no wonder, since 70 percent of Finland’s surface are is covered in forests. The forests have been uti­lized by Finnish indus­tries through the ages – nowadays Finland is one the biggest pro­ducers of sawn timber in the world.

Short summers and long winters of the north bring certain chal­lenges to the growth of the forests,
but this is also pre­cisely why Finnish timber grow to be so strong and durable. Finnish forests are full
of high quality timber, that fit excel­lently the needs of for example the con­struction industry.

Why Finnish wood is so superb?

As men­tioned above, in the Nordic con­di­tions of Finland the growing season of trees is com­par­a­tively short, only about a hundred days. You might think this would cause the trees to grow poorly and end up very short, but this isn’t at all the case.

On the con­trary, the short growing season guar­antees excellent prop­erties to the trees – high dura­bility, sta­bility and strength. Finnish trees grow to their full size over a 120 year period.

Due to the short summers Finnish trees have sparse branches, which give the wood uniform quality and addi­tional dura­bility. The growth con­di­tions of the forests (which in turn increase the quality of the timber) are also greatly improved by skilled and respon­sible forest management.

Main tree species in Finland are pine and spruce, which make up about 80 percent of the forests in Finland. This is why they are excellent material for the Finnish timber industry.

Pine – for high quality carpentry products and construction material for buildings

Pine is a tree species which thrives in rough and bright areas. About 44 percent of the Finnish forest cover are pine forests. Due to its slow growth pine is very durable. It’s colour can be mildly reddish, but mainly it has a light yel­lowish coloration.

A pine tree can live for hun­dreds of years and can reach heights up to 40 meters. The average age of the trees before they are har­vested ranges from 50 to 120 years, depending on where the tree grows. Pine is very well suited for both demanding car­pentry products and as a main con­struction material of buildings. It’s also an excellent material for con­struction logs and pillars.

Spruce is light but very strong

Spruce is a tree species of lush and shaded areas. About 36 percent of Finnish trees are spruces. Spruce has a pale and mildly yel­lowish col­oration. Spruce can reach a height of 40 meters and and a diameter of up to a meter at the base.

A spruce tree may live for hun­dreds of years. However the average age of the trees when they are har­vested ranges from 60 to 120 years old. Spruce is slightly less dense than pine, so due to its lightness and strength it’s a great material for example the con­struction of a timber roof truss. Spruce is also well suited to making fur­ni­tures and products of the pack­aging industry and as a con­struction material of buildings.

Responsible forest management and certified timber

Timber is a renewable resource and therefore an eco­logical material. Finnish timber is almost without exception cer­tified (PEFC or FSC) and the forests are managed by respon­sibly sup­porting the growth of the trees and paying close attention to the legal oblig­a­tions con­cerning forest renewal. When the yearly growth is over 100 million cubic meters and the amount of trees lost (both to har­vesting and natural processes) is about 80 to 90 million cubic meters, the growth of the forests greatly exceed the amount of their harvest.

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